In addition to general purpose calculators, there are those designed for specific markets. For example, there are scientific calculators which include trigonometric and statistical calculations. Some calculators even have the ability to do computer algebra. Graphing calculators can be used to graph functions defined on the real line, or higher-dimensional Euclidean space. Find more on wikipedia page...

In this series of missions you are going to build an elementary calculator.

As an input, you get a sequence of keys pressed, and, as the result of that function, you should show what will be shown on the screen when the last key is pressed. Be attentive, it's not always the result of the expression. Actually, playing with the physical calculator or app will really help you to catch edge cases.

In this mission the combinations of signs are presented.

Expected behavior:

  • beginning zeros should be removed, only-zeros number - converted to single zero;
  • among +- signs between numbers, the last one should be taken;
  • "==" means repeating the last operation;
  • "+=" or "-=" - adding/subtracting the number (or operations result) before the combination (doubling the number/subtracting itself).

Input: String.

Output: String.


assert calculator("3+=") == "6"
assert calculator("3+2==") == "7"
assert calculator("4-1==") == "2"
assert calculator("3+-2=") == "1"

How it’s used: Calculators are widely used. Understanding the principles of its input and output are interesting and useful.

Precondition: Allowed characters: digits (0-9), signs plus (+), minus (-) or equation (=) and their combinations (+=, +-, == etc.).

Invalid hot key. Each hot key should be unique and valid
Hot keys:
CheckiO Extensions

CheckiO Extensions allow you to use local files to solve missions. More info in a blog post.

In order to install CheckiO client you'll need installed Python (version at least 3.8)

Install CheckiO Client first:

pip3 install checkio_client

Configure your tool

checkio --domain=py config --key=

Sync solutions into your local folder

checkio sync

(in beta testing) Launch local server so your browser can use it and sync solution between local file end extension on the fly. (doesn't work for safari)

checkio serv -d

Alternatevly, you can install Chrome extension or FF addon

checkio install-plugin
checkio install-plugin --ff
checkio install-plugin --chromium

Read more here about other functionality that the checkio client provides. Feel free to submit an issue in case of any difficulties.

Pair Programming (Beta-version)

Welcome to Pair Programming! Engage in real-time collaboration on coding projects by starting a session and sharing the provided unique URL with friends or colleagues. This feature is perfect for joint project development, debugging, or learning new skills together. Simply click 'Start Session' to begin your collaborative coding journey!

Waiting for Pair Programming to start...

You are trying to join a pair programming session that has not started yet.

Please wait for the session creator to join.

Waiting for Pair Programming to reconnect...

It looks like the creator of the pair programming session closed the editor window.

It might happen accidentally, so that you can wait for reconnection.

<< <
> >>
exec show

Whats Next?

Free accounts will see Best CheckiO solutions with some delay.
Best Solutions will be opened in a moment
Become Awesome and Don't wait
The next stage is ""
Will be activated in
View More Solutions Random Review Solutions Go to the next mission